NOTICE: This article is for information purposes only! This article is ONLY for state laws that are DRONE specific. Local laws and “aircraft” related laws could potentially apply and were outside of the focus of this article. It might NOT be up to date. You should seek out a competent attorney licensed in the state you are interested in before operating.
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Current as of February 21, 2017
(a) As used in this section:
(1) “Critical infrastructure” means:
(A) An electrical power generation or delivery system;
(B) A petroleum refinery;
(C) A chemical or rubber manufacturing facility; or
(D) A petroleum or chemical storage facility; and
(A) “Unmanned aircraft system” means an unmanned, powered aircraft that:
(i) Does not carry a human operator;
(ii) Can be autonomous or remotely piloted or operated; and
(iii) Can be expendable or recoverable.
(B) “Unmanned aircraft system” does not include:
(i) A satellite orbiting the earth;
(ii) An unmanned aircraft system used by the federal government or a person who is acting pursuant to contract with the federal government to conduct surveillance of specific critical infrastructure;
(iii) An unmanned aircraft system used by the state after consultation with the Governor or a person who is acting under contract with the state to conduct surveillance of specific critical infrastructure;
(a) An unmanned aircraft system used pursuant to prior written authorization of the Arkansas Department of Emergency Management.
(b) The department shall provide standards for authorizations under subdivision (a)(2)(B)(iv)(a) of this section in rules adopted in accordance with the Arkansas Administrative Procedure Act, § 25-15-201 et seq., after consultation with the Governor;
(v) An unmanned aircraft system used under a certificate of authorization issued by the Federal Aviation Administration; or
(vi) An unmanned aircraft used by a law enforcement agency, emergency medical service agency, hazardous materials response team, disaster management agency, or other emergency management agency for the purpose of incident command, area reconnaissance, personnel and equipment deployment monitoring, training, or a related purpose.
(b) A person commits the offense of unlawful use of an unmanned aircraft system if he or she knowingly uses an unmanned aircraft system to conduct surveillance of, gather evidence or collect information about, or photographically or electronically record critical infrastructure without the prior written consent of the owner of the critical infrastructure.
(c) This section does not prohibit:
(A) A person from using an unmanned aircraft system to conduct surveillance of, gather evidence or collect information about, or photographically or electronically record his or her own property that is:
(i) Located on his or her own immovable property; or
(ii) Located on immovable property owned by another person under a valid lease, servitude, right-of-way, right of use, permit, license, or other right.
(B) A third person retained by the owner of the property described in subdivision (c)(1)(A) of this section to conduct activities described in subdivision (c)(1)(A) of this section is not prohibited under this section from using an unmanned aircraft system to conduct the activities described in this subdivision (c)(1); or
(2) An insurance company or a person acting on behalf of an insurance company from using an unmanned aircraft system for purposes of underwriting an insurance risk or investigating damage to insured property.
(d) Unlawful use of an unmanned aircraft system is:
(1) A Class B misdemeanor; or
(2) A Class A misdemeanor for a second or subsequent offense.
A person who violates § 5-60-103 is also liable to the owner of the critical infrastructure that is the subject of the violation as follows:
(1) Any actual damages sustained as a result of the violation, or ten thousand dollars ($10,000), whichever is greater;
(2) Three (3) times actual damages, or ten thousand dollars ($10,000), whichever is greater, in a case in which the violation resulted in profit or monetary gain; and
(3) The costs of an action brought under this section, together with reasonable attorney’s fees as determined by the court.
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