Remote Pilot Airmen Certification Standards Explained (2019)
If you are wanting to become a remote pilot, you need to know what is in the Remote Pilot Airmen Certification Standards (ACS).
What Are the Airmen Certification Standards (ACS)?
An ACS is a “comprehensive presentation that integrates the standards for what an applicant needs to know, consider, and do in order to pass both the knowledge test . . . for a certificate or rating.” There are multiple types of airmen certificates (private, commercial, remote, etc.) that are issued by the FAA which each have their own privileges an Each of these certificates have their own ACS. The ACS is really a standard by which to measure if an applicant is qualified in an objective way. The FAA released a pdf of FAQ’s on ACS in general.
Here is a video explaining the ACS as it is being implemented generally.
How Do I Use the Remote Pilot Airmen Certification Standards to Study for the Part 107 Exam?
The Remote Pilot Airmen Certification Standards includes Areas of Operation and Tasks for the initial issuance of a Remote Pilot Certificate with an sUAS rating. You should study to know the material listed. Each task in the ACS is coded according to a scheme that includes four elements. For example:
UA.I.B.K10: UA = Applicable ACS (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) I = Area of Operation (Regulations) B = Task (Operating Rules) K10 = Task element Knowledge 10 (Visual line of sight (VLOS) aircraft operations)
The ACS also tells you how the test will be weighted which can allow you to more wisely spend your time when studying. Some topics make a large portion of the knowledge exam which means you should master those topics.
I’m a Part 61 pilot. What about those Practical Test Standards (PTS)?
“The ACS is basically an enhanced version of the Practical Test Standards (PTS).” If you are a manned aircraft pilot, you most likely remember the PTS. The ACS will replace the PTS, but since this Part 107 exam is brand new, their is no remote pilot PTS. It is just a brand new remote pilot ACS. Unfortunately, if you are taking a knowledge exam, the areas you missed on the exam will be displayed on a print out as a learning statement code (LSC), not an ACS code. “The [FAA] is contracting for a test management services system that will include this capability. In the initial ACS implementation phase, however, applicants, instructors, and evaluators will continue to see PLT codes on the airman knowledge test report.”
Has the FAA Change the Remote Pilot Airmen Certification Standards?
Yes. The FAA issued a draft Remote Pilot ACS in 2016 and later issued an updated ACS in July 2016. The most current ACS is dated June 2018. Two of the most significant changes below are the percentages of certain test subjects were INCREASED. Many created study courses, guides, material, etc. to help individuals study for the Part 107 exam used the draft Remote Pilot ACS. I’m not sure how many of them knew that the ACS was updated so buyer beware online.
Keep in mind there were many small edits for continuity or fixing errors, but they didn’t matter. The same message was still conveyed. (One funny one was Appendix 5 which defined CFI as Chief Flight Engineer.)
Changes Between the Draft and the July 2016 Remote Pilot ACS.
I. Regulations References
14 CFR parts 47, 48 and 107, subpart B; AC 107-2
14 CFR part 107, subpart A; AC 107
To determine that the applicant is knowledgeable of the operating rules of 14 CFR part 107, the registration rules of 14 CFR parts 47 and 48, and other associated operating requirements.
To determine that the applicant exhibits competence in knowledge and risk management associated with the general regulatory requirements of 14 CFR part 107.
6. Hazardous operations.
a. Careless or reckless
b. Dropping an object
6. Hazardous operations, such as careless or reckless behavior or allowing an object to be dropped.
21. Operating limitations for sUAS.
a. Maximum groundspeed
b. Altitude limitations
c. Minimum visibility
d. Cloud clearance requirements
21. Operating limitations for small unmanned aircraft.
UA.I.B.K22 (Complete change)
22. The requirements for a Remote Pilot Certificate with an sUAS rating.
22. Model aircraft operations status.
23. Flights defined as public aircraft operations.
24. Requirements for a remote pilot certificate with a small UAS rating.
1. The waiver policy and requirements.
1. The waiver policy and the understanding of the regulatory subject matter, equivalent level of safety requirement, and special provisions in a waiver.
II. Airspace Classification and Operating Requirements
14 CFR part 71; AC 107-2; FAA-H-8083-25; AIM [NOTE: I believe the FAA should have also included 14 CFR Part 73 in here as well]
AC 107; FAA-H-8083-25; AIM
ATC authorizations and related operating limitations.
Concepts relating to ATC clearances and permissions.
(They merely deleted “maximum altitude limit” from the draft and everything moved up.)
Maximum altitude limit.
The NOTAM system including how to obtain an established NOTAM through Flight Service.
(this moved up to K4).
It looks like this was combined into UA.II.B.K5
6. Temporary flight restrictions (TFR) airspace.
It looks like this was combined into UA.II.B.K5
7. Notice to airmen (NOTAMS) system including how to obtain an established NOTAM through Flight Service.
Phraseology: altitudes, directions, speed, and time.
Phraseology: figures, altitudes, directions, speed, and time.